Off-label and unlicensed drug use in hospitalized newborns in a Saudi tertiary care hospital: a cohort study

Off-label and unlicensed drug use in hospitalized newborns in a Saudi tertiary care hospital: a... Objective To determine the extent of off-label and unlicensed prescribing in hospitalized newborns and to identify patient-related risk factors associated with off-label prescribing. Methods A prospective cohort study was conducted between January and March 2016 at a neonatology department of a tertiary-care hospital in the Eastern province. All consecutive admissions to all neonatal care levels meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria were eligible for enrollment. All prescriptions were classified as off-label or unlicensed according to drug product monograph. Clinical and prescription data were extracted using a pilot-tested structured data collection sheet. Results During the study period 583 prescriptions were made for 138 newborns, of which 29.7% (173/583) and 12.9% (75/583) were classified as off-label and unlicensed drugs respectively for use in neonates. Thirty-four percent (47/138) of patients received at least one off-label/unlicensed medicine. Mechanical ventilation, admission to the neonatal intensive care unit and length of hospital stay were identified as independent risk factors associated with prescribing of at least one off-label medication. Conclusion Use of off-label and unlicensed drugs in hospitalized newborns seems to be a common practice in this Saudi hospital. Future research should evaluate safety and efficacy of off-label and/or unlicensed use of drugs in neonates. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy Springer Journals

Off-label and unlicensed drug use in hospitalized newborns in a Saudi tertiary care hospital: a cohort study

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Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Internal Medicine; Pharmacy
ISSN
2210-7703
eISSN
2210-7711
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11096-018-0630-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Objective To determine the extent of off-label and unlicensed prescribing in hospitalized newborns and to identify patient-related risk factors associated with off-label prescribing. Methods A prospective cohort study was conducted between January and March 2016 at a neonatology department of a tertiary-care hospital in the Eastern province. All consecutive admissions to all neonatal care levels meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria were eligible for enrollment. All prescriptions were classified as off-label or unlicensed according to drug product monograph. Clinical and prescription data were extracted using a pilot-tested structured data collection sheet. Results During the study period 583 prescriptions were made for 138 newborns, of which 29.7% (173/583) and 12.9% (75/583) were classified as off-label and unlicensed drugs respectively for use in neonates. Thirty-four percent (47/138) of patients received at least one off-label/unlicensed medicine. Mechanical ventilation, admission to the neonatal intensive care unit and length of hospital stay were identified as independent risk factors associated with prescribing of at least one off-label medication. Conclusion Use of off-label and unlicensed drugs in hospitalized newborns seems to be a common practice in this Saudi hospital. Future research should evaluate safety and efficacy of off-label and/or unlicensed use of drugs in neonates.

Journal

International Journal of Clinical PharmacySpringer Journals

Published: May 2, 2018

References

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