Odd Laplacians: geometrical meaning of potential and modular class

Odd Laplacians: geometrical meaning of potential and modular class A second-order self-adjoint operator $$\Delta =S\partial ^2+U$$ Δ = S ∂ 2 + U is uniquely defined by its principal symbol S and potential U if it acts on half-densities. We analyse the potential U as a compensating field (gauge field) in the sense that it compensates the action of coordinate transformations on the second derivatives in the same way as an affine connection compensates the action of coordinate transformations on first derivatives in the first-order operator, a covariant derivative, $$\nabla =\partial +\Gamma $$ ∇ = ∂ + Γ . Usually a potential U is derived from other geometrical constructions such as a volume form, an affine connection, or a Riemannian structure, etc. The story is different if $$\Delta $$ Δ is an odd operator on a supermanifold. In this case, the second-order potential becomes a primary object. For example, in the case of an odd symplectic supermanifold, the compensating field of the canonical odd Laplacian depends only on this symplectic structure and can be expressed by the formula obtained by K. Bering. We also study modular classes of odd Poisson manifolds via $$\Delta $$ Δ -operators, and consider an example of a non-trivial modular class which is related with the Nijenhuis bracket. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Letters in Mathematical Physics Springer Journals

Odd Laplacians: geometrical meaning of potential and modular class

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Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Subject
Physics; Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics; Complex Systems; Geometry; Group Theory and Generalizations
ISSN
0377-9017
eISSN
1573-0530
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11005-017-0938-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A second-order self-adjoint operator $$\Delta =S\partial ^2+U$$ Δ = S ∂ 2 + U is uniquely defined by its principal symbol S and potential U if it acts on half-densities. We analyse the potential U as a compensating field (gauge field) in the sense that it compensates the action of coordinate transformations on the second derivatives in the same way as an affine connection compensates the action of coordinate transformations on first derivatives in the first-order operator, a covariant derivative, $$\nabla =\partial +\Gamma $$ ∇ = ∂ + Γ . Usually a potential U is derived from other geometrical constructions such as a volume form, an affine connection, or a Riemannian structure, etc. The story is different if $$\Delta $$ Δ is an odd operator on a supermanifold. In this case, the second-order potential becomes a primary object. For example, in the case of an odd symplectic supermanifold, the compensating field of the canonical odd Laplacian depends only on this symplectic structure and can be expressed by the formula obtained by K. Bering. We also study modular classes of odd Poisson manifolds via $$\Delta $$ Δ -operators, and consider an example of a non-trivial modular class which is related with the Nijenhuis bracket.

Journal

Letters in Mathematical PhysicsSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 25, 2017

References

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