The flow past a circular cylinder at high Reynolds number is studied by means of PIV, 3C-PIV and Time-Resolved PIV techniques. One of the goals of this study was to allow comparisons with numerical simulations on a domain identical to that of the experiment. For this reason, the cylinder was placed in a confined environment, with a high blockage and a low aspect ratio, thereby allowing computations on a mesh of reasonable size, and avoiding “infinite conditions”. This paper deals with the decomposition of the flow in a coherent and random parts. To this aim, phase averaged quantities were first obtained using the wall pressure signal on the cylinder as a trigger signal. This was achieved using both conditional sampling and LSE with similar results. This decomposition is then analysed using the Time Resolved PIV measurements, as well as by comparison of the contributions of the organised and turbulent fluctuations to the time-independent Reynolds stress tensor with those estimated from velocity spectra by interpolation and integration of the continuous part. In agreement with other studies, it is found that the contribution of the turbulent motion is overestimated as a result of the occurence of phase jitter between the trigger and velocity signal. A POD analysis was then performed to extract the coherent motion and to compare this decomposition with that obtained by phase averaging. Similarly to the phase averaging, the POD allows the decomposition of the time-independent stress tensor as the sum of two contributions corresponding to the first N modes, and the rest of the modes. This decomposition is then analysed by comparing these contributions to those obtained from the velocity spectra, according to the value N chosen. It is found that these contributions are strongly dependent on N, and the contribution of the first modes greatly overestimate the coherent motion if N is too large. In order to obtain a good decomposition of the flow in coherent and random parts, the difficulty in this case lies in the choice of the modes. Finally, the POD coefficients of the first two modes are used instead of the pressure signal to determine the phase of the vortex shedding, and the phase averaging is reconsidered. It is found that the phase averaged vortices are less smeared by the averaging process, the turbulent stresses better follow the evolution of the vortices, and the contributions of both coherent and turbulent fluctuations are found to agree well with those evaluated from the velocity spectra. This enhancement is obtained because the phase angle is determined directly from the velocity fields to be averaged, thereby reducing the phase-jitter effect. A comparison with a detached eddy simulation is also briefly shown and demonstrates the high level of agreement obtainable between simulation and experiment, as well as confirming the enhancement of the phase averaging using this procedure.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 1, 2007
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