Observations and measurements on unsteady cavitating flows using a simultaneous sampling approach

Observations and measurements on unsteady cavitating flows using a simultaneous sampling approach The main purpose of this study was to shed light on the unsteady cavitating flow and corresponding wall-pressure fluctuation characteristic. A simultaneous sampling technique is used to synchronize the observations of cavitation images and the measurements of wall-pressure signals in a convergent–divergent channel. The results show that, with the decreasing cavitation number, cavitating flows in a convergent–divergent channel display several types of cavitation behavior, such as cavitation inception, sheet cavitation, and sheet/cloud cavitation. The intensity of the pressure fluctuation increases with the decrease in cavitation number. However, with decreasing cavitation number, the dominant frequency of the unsteady pressure fluctuation decreases significantly, and for sheet/cloud cavitation, the dominant frequency of pressure fluctuation is consistent with that of global cavitation area fluctuation. A typical quasi-periodic sheet/cavitation development cycle is characterized by three stages such as: (1) the growth of attached cavity, (2) the shedding of attached cavity, and (3) the development and collapse of detached cavities. In the stage one, the magnitude of pressure fluctuations under the attached cavity is small; however, it is large in the closure region of attached cavity, especially when attached cavity obtains its maximum length. In the stage two, the attached cavity begins to shed and some small detached cavities are observed, and small local pressure fluctuations with higher frequency are detected. In the stage three, a large detached cavity is formed in the rear of attached cavity. When the detached cavity collapses rapidly in the downstream region, pressure pulses with the magnitude of the order of several atmospheres are detected. The propagation speeds of pressure pulses in different cavitation regions are found to be related with the bubble density in the flow field. It is also found that the pressure impulse in the region covered by attached cavity is much lower than that in the attached cavity closure area. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Observations and measurements on unsteady cavitating flows using a simultaneous sampling approach

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/observations-and-measurements-on-unsteady-cavitating-flows-using-a-KHlE4feAI3
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Engineering; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Fluid- and Aerodynamics; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
ISSN
0723-4864
eISSN
1432-1114
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00348-015-1896-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The main purpose of this study was to shed light on the unsteady cavitating flow and corresponding wall-pressure fluctuation characteristic. A simultaneous sampling technique is used to synchronize the observations of cavitation images and the measurements of wall-pressure signals in a convergent–divergent channel. The results show that, with the decreasing cavitation number, cavitating flows in a convergent–divergent channel display several types of cavitation behavior, such as cavitation inception, sheet cavitation, and sheet/cloud cavitation. The intensity of the pressure fluctuation increases with the decrease in cavitation number. However, with decreasing cavitation number, the dominant frequency of the unsteady pressure fluctuation decreases significantly, and for sheet/cloud cavitation, the dominant frequency of pressure fluctuation is consistent with that of global cavitation area fluctuation. A typical quasi-periodic sheet/cavitation development cycle is characterized by three stages such as: (1) the growth of attached cavity, (2) the shedding of attached cavity, and (3) the development and collapse of detached cavities. In the stage one, the magnitude of pressure fluctuations under the attached cavity is small; however, it is large in the closure region of attached cavity, especially when attached cavity obtains its maximum length. In the stage two, the attached cavity begins to shed and some small detached cavities are observed, and small local pressure fluctuations with higher frequency are detected. In the stage three, a large detached cavity is formed in the rear of attached cavity. When the detached cavity collapses rapidly in the downstream region, pressure pulses with the magnitude of the order of several atmospheres are detected. The propagation speeds of pressure pulses in different cavitation regions are found to be related with the bubble density in the flow field. It is also found that the pressure impulse in the region covered by attached cavity is much lower than that in the attached cavity closure area.

Journal

Experiments in FluidsSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 31, 2015

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off