Nutrient Sensing in Plant Meristems

Nutrient Sensing in Plant Meristems Plants need nutrient to grow and plant cells need nutrient to divide. The meristems are the factories and cells that are left behind will expand and differentiate. However, meristems are not simple homogenous entities; cells in different parts of the meristem do different things. Positional cues operate that can fate cells into different tissue domains. However, founder/stem cells persist in specific locations within the meristem e.g. the quiescent centre of root apical meristem (RAM) and the lower half of the central zone of the shoot apical meristem (SAM). Given the complexity of meristems, do their cells simply respond to a diffusing gradient of photosynthate? This in turn begs the question, why do stem cell populations tend to have longer cell cycles than their immediate descendants given that like all other cells they are directly in the path of diffusing nutrient? In this review, we have examined the extent to which nutrient sensing might be operating in meristems. The scene is set for sugar sensing, the plant cell cycle, SAMs and RAMs. Special emphasis is given to the metabolic regulator, SnRK1 (SNF1-related protein kinase 1), hexokinase and the trehalose pathway in relation to sugar sensing. The unique plant cell cycle gene, cylin-dependent kinase B1;1 may have evolved to be particularly responsive to sugar signalling pathways. Also, the homeobox gene, STIMPY, emerges strongly as a link between sugar sensing, plant cell proliferation and development. Flowering can be influenced by sucrose and glucose levels and both meristem identity and organ identity genes could well be differentially sensitive to sucrose and glucose signals. We also describe how meristems deal with extra photosynthate as a result of exposure to elevated CO2. What we review are numerous instances of how developmental processes can be affected by sugars/nutrients. However, given the scarcity of knowledge we are unable to provide uncontested links between nutrient sensing and specific activities in meristems. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Nutrient Sensing in Plant Meristems

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/nutrient-sensing-in-plant-meristems-EGoRD326dn
Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 by Springer
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11103-005-5749-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Plants need nutrient to grow and plant cells need nutrient to divide. The meristems are the factories and cells that are left behind will expand and differentiate. However, meristems are not simple homogenous entities; cells in different parts of the meristem do different things. Positional cues operate that can fate cells into different tissue domains. However, founder/stem cells persist in specific locations within the meristem e.g. the quiescent centre of root apical meristem (RAM) and the lower half of the central zone of the shoot apical meristem (SAM). Given the complexity of meristems, do their cells simply respond to a diffusing gradient of photosynthate? This in turn begs the question, why do stem cell populations tend to have longer cell cycles than their immediate descendants given that like all other cells they are directly in the path of diffusing nutrient? In this review, we have examined the extent to which nutrient sensing might be operating in meristems. The scene is set for sugar sensing, the plant cell cycle, SAMs and RAMs. Special emphasis is given to the metabolic regulator, SnRK1 (SNF1-related protein kinase 1), hexokinase and the trehalose pathway in relation to sugar sensing. The unique plant cell cycle gene, cylin-dependent kinase B1;1 may have evolved to be particularly responsive to sugar signalling pathways. Also, the homeobox gene, STIMPY, emerges strongly as a link between sugar sensing, plant cell proliferation and development. Flowering can be influenced by sucrose and glucose levels and both meristem identity and organ identity genes could well be differentially sensitive to sucrose and glucose signals. We also describe how meristems deal with extra photosynthate as a result of exposure to elevated CO2. What we review are numerous instances of how developmental processes can be affected by sugars/nutrients. However, given the scarcity of knowledge we are unable to provide uncontested links between nutrient sensing and specific activities in meristems.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Dec 8, 2005

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off