“Nutrient-sensing” and self-renewal: O-GlcNAc in a new role

“Nutrient-sensing” and self-renewal: O-GlcNAc in a new role Whether embryonic, hematopoietic or cancer stem cells, this metabolic reprogramming is dependent on the nutrient-status and bioenergetic pathways that is influenced by the micro-environmental niches like hypoxia. Thus, the microenvironment plays a vital role in determining the stem cell fate by inducing metabolic reprogramming. Under the influence of the microenvironment, like hypoxia, the stem cells have increased glucose and glutamine uptake which result in activation of hexosamine biosynthesis pathway (HBP) and increased O-GlcNAc Transferase (OGT). The current review is focused on understanding how HBP, a nutrient-sensing pathway (that leads to increased OGT activity) is instrumental in regulating self-renewal not only in embryonic and hematopoietic stem cells (ESC/HSC) but also in cancer stem cells. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes Springer Journals

“Nutrient-sensing” and self-renewal: O-GlcNAc in a new role

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Chemistry; Bioorganic Chemistry; Biochemistry, general; Animal Anatomy / Morphology / Histology; Animal Biochemistry; Organic Chemistry
ISSN
0145-479X
eISSN
1573-6881
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10863-017-9735-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Whether embryonic, hematopoietic or cancer stem cells, this metabolic reprogramming is dependent on the nutrient-status and bioenergetic pathways that is influenced by the micro-environmental niches like hypoxia. Thus, the microenvironment plays a vital role in determining the stem cell fate by inducing metabolic reprogramming. Under the influence of the microenvironment, like hypoxia, the stem cells have increased glucose and glutamine uptake which result in activation of hexosamine biosynthesis pathway (HBP) and increased O-GlcNAc Transferase (OGT). The current review is focused on understanding how HBP, a nutrient-sensing pathway (that leads to increased OGT activity) is instrumental in regulating self-renewal not only in embryonic and hematopoietic stem cells (ESC/HSC) but also in cancer stem cells.

Journal

Journal of Bioenergetics and BiomembranesSpringer Journals

Published: Dec 5, 2017

References

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