The paper analyses the effect of non-linearity and bottom friction on propagation of tsunami-type surface waves from the abyssal part of the Black Sea towards the shelf zone. The study relies, on numerical solution of unidimensional non-linear equations for long waves, using the finite-difference technique. Numerical experiments have been conducted for the bottom profile continental slope and shelf, with the full wave reflection being prescribed at a 10-m depth contour. It has been shown that the major role in transforming solitary waves belongs to non-linear topographic factors rather than to dissipation. The reflected wave has been found to be non-linearly distorted, and wave heights in the Black Sea coastal zone have been found to increase by many times.
Physical Oceanography – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 21, 2006
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