Due to their high deformation capabilities, polymeric materials are widely used in several industries. However, polymers exhibit a complex behaviour with strain rate, temperature and pressure dependencies. Numerous constitutive models were developed in order to take into account their specific behaviour. Among these models, the ones proposed by Richeton et al Polymer 46:6035–6043 (2005a), Polymer 46:8194–8201 (2005b) seem to be particularly suitable. They proposed expressions for the Young modulus and the yield stress with strain rate and temperature dependence. Moreover, these models were also implemented in a finite elastic-viscoplastic deformation approach using a flow rule based on thermally activated process. The increase of computational capabilities allowed simulating polymer forming processes using finite element (FE) codes. The aim of the study is to implement the proposed constitutive model in a commercial FE code via a user material subroutine. The implementation of the model was verified using compressive tests over a wide range of strain rates. Next, FE simulations of an impact test and of a plane strain forging process were carried out. The FE predictions are in good agreement with the experimental results taken from the literature.
International Journal of Material Forming – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 23, 2016
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