We performed a long-term prognostic experiment aimed at the investigation of the process of formation of the hydrodynamic structure of the Sea-of-Marmara waters with regard for the influence of Bosporus and Dardanelles. It is shown that the mutual adaptation of hydrophysical fields and their adjustment to the physical and geographical conditions of the sea proceed as a result of the action of rapid (tens of days) and slow (several tens of years) mechanisms of adaptation. An S-like jet current directed from Bosporus to Dardanelles was formed. Two stable anticyclonic formations are well visible in the central part of the sea. In deeper layer, an abyssal jet current was formed as a result of penetration of heavy Mediterranean waters. The established specific features of the circulation of waters in the Sea of Marmara are confirmed by the data of observations. We conclude that the principal features of the dynamics of waters in the Sea of Marmara are formed under the influence of two straits.
Physical Oceanography – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 3, 2007
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