A substantial elastic analysis of uniform rotating discs made of radially functionally graded (FG) polar orthotropic materials is managed with both analytical and numerical methods by imposing possible boundary conditions and frequently used material grading rules such as a simple power and an exponential patterns. The complementary functions method (CFM) is originally chosen as a numerical technique to solve the governing equation having variable coefficients. Before applying CFM on the current two-point boundary value problem, the governing equation derived by the transformed on-axis in-plane stiffness terms is transformed into the initial value problem. To show the effectiveness of the method, as an additional study, some closed-form formulas are obtained to cover the rotating uniform discs made of functionally simple power-law graded polar orthotropic materials under the same constraints. It was shown that both analytical and numerical results display a perfect harmony. An extensive parametric study which considers physically or hypothetically exist different material types, several inhomogeneity indexes, anisotropy degrees varying in a wide range of 0.3–5, three types of boundary conditions, is conducted with the help of both analytical formulas and numerical solutions. To the best of the author’s knowledge, although especially the anisotropy effects have been worked through for ordinary polar orthotropic materials, investigations on the anisotropy degrees on the elastic behaviour of discs made of an advanced material having varying properties along the desired directions such as a FG anisotropic material is still so limited and requires vast knowledge. Since different transformed stiffness terms through the radial direction may be developed by considering different fibre orientations, present results comprising anisotropy effects may also be interpreted as the results of such discs made of specially orthotropic materials such as cross-ply or balanced symmetrical laminates. It is mainly concluded that the use of a radially FG anisotropic material having an anisotropy degree less than the unit proposes admissible circumferential stresses along with the effective properties which continuously radially increase from the inner surface towards the outer under centrifugal forces. On the other hand, anisotropy degrees greater than the unit with increasing material properties from the inner surface to the outer mitigates the radial stresses. Negative inhomogeneity indexes with smaller anisotropy degrees are preferable to get smaller radial displacements.
Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering – Springer Journals
Published: May 31, 2018
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