Nucleotide and amino acid mutations in human immunodeficiency virus corresponding to CD4 + decline

Nucleotide and amino acid mutations in human immunodeficiency virus corresponding to CD4 + decline In a meta-analysis, gene sequences of the HIV-1 V3 and surrounding envelope region from studies examining longitudinally derived blood and plasma human immunodeficiency virus forms were analyzed for changes over disease course. CD4 + counts were used as a marker of disease progression; 58 subjects, followed an average of 56 months, were included. Genetic diversification was found early in disease progression. In mid-progression (CD4 + counts dropping from 488 to 329/mm 3 ) diversification did not increase while loop charge dramatically increased. This is consistent with a charged form that dominates and induces disease progression at this critical time. Although the overall mean increase in loop charge was significant, this increase and the transition to amino acids known to change tropism occurred in only half of the subjects who progressed. Those with rapidly progressing disease (within 2 years post-infection) began with a loop charge similar to the end stage of normal progressors. DNA from blood-cell-derived sequences differed from concurrently obtained plasma counterparts by one nucleotide out of 238, but this difference was not reflected in differences in glycosylation patterns, loop charge, or tropism-conferring amino acids. Plasma-derived forms were poorer predictors of future viral forms than were cell-derived sequences. Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Nucleotide and amino acid mutations in human immunodeficiency virus corresponding to CD4 + decline

Loading next page...
Copyright © 2006 by Springer-Verlag
Biomedicine; Medical Microbiology; Infectious Diseases; Virology
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial