The Arabidopsis thaliana AtS40-3 gene belongs to a group of genes sharing the conserved DUF548 sequence motif with up to now unknown function. One member of this group, the barley HvS40, was shown before to play a role in regulation of leaf senescence. Similar as the barley gene, AtS40-3 is induced during senescence and is also regulated in response to dark treatment, ABA, salicylic acid and pathogen attack. By localization of the GUS fusion protein, the AtS40-3 gene was shown to encode a nucleus targeted protein. The s40-3a mutant with a T-DNA insertion in the promoter region of the gene was observed to have a staygreen phenotype. By quantitative real-time PCR analyses expression of the AtS40-3 gene in this mutant was observed to be constitutive and not induced during senescence. This coincided with WRKY53 gene expression in nonsenescent leaves and lowered expression levels of WRKY53 and SAG12 at later stages of development. While in the wildtype expression of AtS40-3 was activated by darkness, in the s40-3a mutant the expression of AtS40-3 stayed at a low level. This coincided with lower expression of the SEN1 and SAG12 genes. In another promoter mutant with a T-DNA insertion further upstream of the coding sequence the levels of AtS40-3 and SAG12 transcripts increased in parallel both in a natural light–dark regime and in darkness. The data on gene expression in promoter T-DNA insertion mutants of the s40-3 gene indicate that AtS40 regulates senescence either by modulation of WRKY53 or by activation of SAG12 independent of WRKY53.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 19, 2010
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