p17 is a nonstructural protein of avian reovirus (ARV) that induces autophagy in infected cells. In the present study, we investigated the effect of p17 and its nuclear localization signal (NLS) on autophagy and viral replication. When Vero cells and DF1 cells were transfected with mutant p17 in which lysine (K) at position 122 and arginine (R) at position 123 were mutated to alanine (A), the expression level of LC3 II decreased dramatically after transfection. The expression of the polypeptide encompassing the first 103 amino acids of p17, a region that did not contain the NLS, did not have a significant effect on autophagy. Moreover, when cells overexpressing mutant p17 were infected with the ARV GX2010/1 strain, the viral titer was significantly decreased compared with the expression of wild-type p17. In general, the NLS of p17 facilitates the induction of autophagy and is correlated with an increase in virus production.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 1, 2015
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