Screening of patients with familial breast cancer from St. Petersburg for BRCA1 gene mutations resulted in identification of three mutations (4146del3, 2761delA, and A622V) and two polymorphisms (P871L and S1436S). Mutations 4146del3 and 2761delA are novel, never previously described elsewhere. Deletion 2761delA produces a reading frame shift, premature protein synthesis termination and can cause predisposition for breast cancer. Deletion 4146del3 does not cause a frame shift, but can result not only in the disappearance of amino acid residue (D1343del) in the BRCA1 protein but also in alteration of folding of the protein, entailing loss of its functional activity. Two variants of nucleotide sequence observed in the number of patients were classified as DNA polymorphisms (P871L and S1436S) rather than mutations as they were not tightly associated with the increased risk of breast cancer.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 27, 2007
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