Normalization of uncalibrated late-season digital aerial imagery for evaluating corn nitrogen status

Normalization of uncalibrated late-season digital aerial imagery for evaluating corn nitrogen status Using uncalibrated digital aerial imagery (DAI) for diagnosing in-season nitrogen (N) status of corn (Zea mays L.) is challenging because of the dynamic nature of corn growth and the difficulty of obtaining timely imagery. Late-season DAI is more accurate for identifying areas deficient in N than early-season imagery. Even so, the quantitative use of the imagery across many fields is still limited because DAI is often not radiometrically calibrated. This study tested whether spectral characteristics of corn canopy derived from normalized uncalibrated late-season DAI could predict final corn N status. Color and near-infrared (NIR) imagery was collected in late August or early September across Iowa from 683 corn fields in 2006, 824 in 2007, and 828 fields in 2007. Four sampling areas (one within a target-deficient area) were selected within each field for conducting the end-of-season corn stalk nitrate test (CSNT). Each image was enhanced to increase the dynamic range within each field and to normalize reflectance values across all fields within a year. The reflectance values of individual bands and three vegetation indices were used to predict corn N status expressed as Deficient and Sufficient (a combination of marginal, optimal, and excessive CSNT categories) using a binary logistic regression (BLR). The green reflectance had the highest prediction rate, which was 70, 64, and 60% in 2006, 2007, and 2008, respectively. The results suggest that the normalized (enhanced) late-season uncalibrated DAI can be used to predict final corn N status in large-scale on-farm evaluation studies. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Precision Agriculture Springer Journals

Normalization of uncalibrated late-season digital aerial imagery for evaluating corn nitrogen status

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 by The Author(s)
Subject
Life Sciences; Agriculture; Soil Science & Conservation; Remote Sensing/Photogrammetry; Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Sciences; Atmospheric Sciences
ISSN
1385-2256
eISSN
1573-1618
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11119-011-9231-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Using uncalibrated digital aerial imagery (DAI) for diagnosing in-season nitrogen (N) status of corn (Zea mays L.) is challenging because of the dynamic nature of corn growth and the difficulty of obtaining timely imagery. Late-season DAI is more accurate for identifying areas deficient in N than early-season imagery. Even so, the quantitative use of the imagery across many fields is still limited because DAI is often not radiometrically calibrated. This study tested whether spectral characteristics of corn canopy derived from normalized uncalibrated late-season DAI could predict final corn N status. Color and near-infrared (NIR) imagery was collected in late August or early September across Iowa from 683 corn fields in 2006, 824 in 2007, and 828 fields in 2007. Four sampling areas (one within a target-deficient area) were selected within each field for conducting the end-of-season corn stalk nitrate test (CSNT). Each image was enhanced to increase the dynamic range within each field and to normalize reflectance values across all fields within a year. The reflectance values of individual bands and three vegetation indices were used to predict corn N status expressed as Deficient and Sufficient (a combination of marginal, optimal, and excessive CSNT categories) using a binary logistic regression (BLR). The green reflectance had the highest prediction rate, which was 70, 64, and 60% in 2006, 2007, and 2008, respectively. The results suggest that the normalized (enhanced) late-season uncalibrated DAI can be used to predict final corn N status in large-scale on-farm evaluation studies.

Journal

Precision AgricultureSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 19, 2011

References

  • Remote estimation of canopy chlorophyll content in crops
    Gitelson, AA; Vina, A; Rundquist, DC; Ciganda, V; Arkebauer, TJ
  • A network-based radiometric equalization approach for digital aerial orthoimages
    Pan, J; Li, D; Li, J

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