Nonresponse and Recall Errors in a Study of Absence because of Illness: An Analysis of Their Effects on Distributions and Relationships

Nonresponse and Recall Errors in a Study of Absence because of Illness: An Analysis of Their... Using administrative data as validating standard, we studied the combined effects of two sources of survey error – nonresponse and recall errors – on distributional and substantive bias in a mail survey of absence because of illness among the employees of a Dutch road building company (response rate 77%). No distributional bias was found in five socio-demographic variables (sex, age, years of service, function, and district), but both nonresponse bias and recall bias occurred in our central dependent variables: frequency and duration of absence because of illness. Nonrespondents were on sick leave more frequently and longer than respondents. Furthermore, the self-reports of absence because of illness of our respondents proved to be rather inaccurate. Underreporting of frequency and duration of sick leave was more common than overreporting. Therefore, both sources of error had a cumulative effect. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Quality & Quantity Springer Journals

Nonresponse and Recall Errors in a Study of Absence because of Illness: An Analysis of Their Effects on Distributions and Relationships

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 1999 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Social Sciences; Methodology of the Social Sciences; Social Sciences, general
ISSN
0033-5177
eISSN
1573-7845
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1004732502598
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Using administrative data as validating standard, we studied the combined effects of two sources of survey error – nonresponse and recall errors – on distributional and substantive bias in a mail survey of absence because of illness among the employees of a Dutch road building company (response rate 77%). No distributional bias was found in five socio-demographic variables (sex, age, years of service, function, and district), but both nonresponse bias and recall bias occurred in our central dependent variables: frequency and duration of absence because of illness. Nonrespondents were on sick leave more frequently and longer than respondents. Furthermore, the self-reports of absence because of illness of our respondents proved to be rather inaccurate. Underreporting of frequency and duration of sick leave was more common than overreporting. Therefore, both sources of error had a cumulative effect.

Journal

Quality & QuantitySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 16, 2004

References

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