Nonneuronal Cholinergic System in Human Erythrocytes: Biological Role and Clinical Relevance

Nonneuronal Cholinergic System in Human Erythrocytes: Biological Role and Clinical Relevance Acetylcholine is well known in the medical setting as one of the most exemplary neurotransmitters. Its ubiquity in nature otherwise suggests a theoretically diverse spectrum of action and an extremely early appearance in the evolutionary process. In humans, acetylcholine and its synthesizing enzyme, choline acetyltransferase, have been found in various nonneural tissues such as the epithelium, mesothelium, endothelium, muscle, immune cells and blood cells. The widespread expression of nonneuronal acetylcholine is accompanied by the ubiquitous presence of acetylcholinesterase and nicotinic/muscarinic receptors. Structural and functional dissimilarities are evident between the nonneuronal and neuronal cholinergic systems. An increasing body of evidence throughout the last few years has placed acetylcholine as a major cellular signaling molecule in many pathways. Furthermore, numerous erythrocyte physiological events in the microcirculation are strongly regulated by acetylcholine. Thus, it is time to revise our understanding of the role of vascular acetylcholine in humans. Its biological and pathobiological roles must be evaluated in more detail to eventually achieve novel therapeutical targets. The present article reviews recent findings about nonneuronal acetylcholine in red blood cells, with special regard to (1) red cell rheology, (2) plasma ion concentrations, (3) nitric oxide intracellular translocation and metabolism and (4) band 3 protein phosphorylation. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Nonneuronal Cholinergic System in Human Erythrocytes: Biological Role and Clinical Relevance

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/nonneuronal-cholinergic-system-in-human-erythrocytes-biological-role-3bKqnsxvEN
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Life Sciences; Human Physiology ; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-010-9250-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial