Nonmedical Prescription Drug Use Among Adolescents: Global Epidemiological Evidence for Prevention, Assessment, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Nonmedical Prescription Drug Use Among Adolescents: Global Epidemiological Evidence for... Purpose of Review This paper reviews the most recent epidemiological evidence on adolescent NMPD use. Particular attention is given to prevention, assessment and diagnosis of disorder, and treatment. Recent Findings While international in scope, global evidence is only available for NMPD use, morbidity, and mortality estimates. Prevention strategies, assessment, and treatment are US-centric. The literature on prevention strategies lacks high-quality evidence. Assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of NMPD use disorder have more robust evidence bases. Despite this, screening for NMPD (and other drug) use disorders is infrequent and insensitive, leading to incomplete treatment provision. Treatments are shown to be safe and effective, but disparities in provision prevent wide-scale amelioration of the adolescent NMPD use problem. Summary Mental healthcare professionals and primary care physicians with adolescent patient populations should become involved in preventative strategies mentioned in this review. Additionally, higher screening rates will lead to less downstream problems related to NMPD use. . . . . . Keywords Nonmedical prescription drug use Adolescent Review Prevention Diagnosis Treatment Abbreviations DSM-5 Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental BSTAD Brief Screener for Tobacco Alcohol and Other Disorders, 5th edition Drugs DSM-IV Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Psychiatric CRAFFT Car, Relax, Alone, Friends/Family, Forget, Disorders, http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Current Addiction Reports Springer Journals

Nonmedical Prescription Drug Use Among Adolescents: Global Epidemiological Evidence for Prevention, Assessment, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Psychiatry; Neurology
eISSN
2196-2952
D.O.I.
10.1007/s40429-018-0194-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose of Review This paper reviews the most recent epidemiological evidence on adolescent NMPD use. Particular attention is given to prevention, assessment and diagnosis of disorder, and treatment. Recent Findings While international in scope, global evidence is only available for NMPD use, morbidity, and mortality estimates. Prevention strategies, assessment, and treatment are US-centric. The literature on prevention strategies lacks high-quality evidence. Assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of NMPD use disorder have more robust evidence bases. Despite this, screening for NMPD (and other drug) use disorders is infrequent and insensitive, leading to incomplete treatment provision. Treatments are shown to be safe and effective, but disparities in provision prevent wide-scale amelioration of the adolescent NMPD use problem. Summary Mental healthcare professionals and primary care physicians with adolescent patient populations should become involved in preventative strategies mentioned in this review. Additionally, higher screening rates will lead to less downstream problems related to NMPD use. . . . . . Keywords Nonmedical prescription drug use Adolescent Review Prevention Diagnosis Treatment Abbreviations DSM-5 Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental BSTAD Brief Screener for Tobacco Alcohol and Other Disorders, 5th edition Drugs DSM-IV Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Psychiatric CRAFFT Car, Relax, Alone, Friends/Family, Forget, Disorders,

Journal

Current Addiction ReportsSpringer Journals

Published: Feb 22, 2018

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