The diffraction image patterns of small particles are referred to as their point spread function (PSF); these patterns vary distinctively with the refractive index (RI) of a transparent test medium when the particles are imaged through the medium. The RI correlates directly with the mixture concentration, so proper inversion of measured PSFs can provide full-field information on the mixture concentration field. In this study, fluorescent nanoparticles of 500 nm diameter are fixed on a glass surface by means of evaporative self-assembly, and the time-varying test mixture is placed in front of the glass surface. The time-varying and full-field PSF distributions are imaged and digitally analyzed to determine the local RI values as well as the local mixture concentrations. Both immiscible water/oil mixture and miscible water/glycerol mixture are imaged. The present method shows an RI measurement to have an uncertainty of ±5 × 10−3 RIU and the mixture concentration measurements to have uncertainty of approximately 4%.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 6, 2010
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