Noncoding RNA in development

Noncoding RNA in development Non-protein-coding sequences increasingly dominate the genomes of multicellular organisms as their complexity increases, in contrast to protein-coding genes, which remain relatively static. Most of the mammalian genome and indeed that of all eukaryotes is expressed in a cell- and tissue-specific manner, and there is mounting evidence that much of this transcription is involved in the regulation of differentiation and development. Different classes of small and large noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) have been shown to regulate almost every level of gene expression, including the activation and repression of homeotic genes and the targeting of chromatin-remodeling complexes. ncRNAs are involved in developmental processes in both simple and complex eukaryotes, and we illustrate this in the latter by focusing on the animal germline, brain, and eye. While most have yet to be systematically studied, the emerging evidence suggests that there is a vast hidden layer of regulatory ncRNAs that constitutes the majority of the genomic programming of multicellular organisms and plays a major role in controlling the epigenetic trajectories that underlie their ontogeny. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Mammalian Genome Springer Journals

Noncoding RNA in development

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Life Sciences; Zoology ; Anatomy ; Cell Biology
ISSN
0938-8990
eISSN
1432-1777
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00335-008-9136-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Non-protein-coding sequences increasingly dominate the genomes of multicellular organisms as their complexity increases, in contrast to protein-coding genes, which remain relatively static. Most of the mammalian genome and indeed that of all eukaryotes is expressed in a cell- and tissue-specific manner, and there is mounting evidence that much of this transcription is involved in the regulation of differentiation and development. Different classes of small and large noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) have been shown to regulate almost every level of gene expression, including the activation and repression of homeotic genes and the targeting of chromatin-remodeling complexes. ncRNAs are involved in developmental processes in both simple and complex eukaryotes, and we illustrate this in the latter by focusing on the animal germline, brain, and eye. While most have yet to be systematically studied, the emerging evidence suggests that there is a vast hidden layer of regulatory ncRNAs that constitutes the majority of the genomic programming of multicellular organisms and plays a major role in controlling the epigenetic trajectories that underlie their ontogeny.

Journal

Mammalian GenomeSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 7, 2008

References

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