Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 13: 201–212, 2003. © 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. Non-physical ﬁsh barrier systems: their development and potential applications to marine ranching 1 2 C.R. Bullen &T.J. Carlson International Centre for Island Technology, Heriot-Watt University, The Old Academy, Stromness, Orkney Islands, Scotland, KW16 3AW, UK; Battelle, Paciﬁc Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352, USA Contents Introduction page 201 Fish reactions to external stimuli The application of electric and acoustic stimuli to modify ﬁsh behavior Development of an “electro-acoustic” ﬁsh deterrent system 203 The sea trials test facility Tests on mature ﬁsh Tests on smolt Conclusions on the electro-acoustic system Intended market applications Development of ﬁsh control systems in ﬁsheries management 206 Fish passage technologies Fish containment and exclusion systems Conclusions on the status of ﬁsh control technologies Fish barrier technologies and marine ranching – future opportunities 209 Drivers for marine ranching Is there a future for open systems aquaculture? Discussion 210 Further research required References 211 Introduction With respect to sound, not all ﬁsh can detect the same range, amplitudes, or frequencies (Fay, 1988) and not Fish reactions to external stimuli all environments are suitable for transmitting the same sound frequencies
Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 4, 2004
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