Res. Chem. Intermed., Vol. 24, No. 4, pp. 373-390 (1998) 373 9 VSP 1998 NON-LINEAR ASPECTS IN CATALYSIS AND IMPORTANCE OF THEIR CONTROL TO SOLVE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS TOMOYUKI INUI Department of Energy and Hydrocarbon Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-01, Japan Received 13 October 1997: accepted 18 November 1997 CONTENTS I. Introduction U. Dynamic Behaviors Occurring in Heterogeneous Catalysis Self-Oscillations of Heterogeneous Catalytic Reaction Rates Forced-Oscillating Reactions - Observation of the Change in Oxidative State of Catalyst Surface during the Reaction Autocatalysis and Abrupt Change in Activity and Selectivity Retardation Caused by Reactants and Products III. Introduction of the Appropriate Structural Device in Catalyst to Control the Catalysis Oxidation Hydrogenation Reforming IV. Effect of Combining Different Kinds of Reactions on the Catalytic Performance in a Given Reaction Simultaneous Reactions of Combustion and Reforming Simultaneous Methanation of CO and CO 2 Combined Reactions Using Connected Reactors V. Conclusion I. INTRODUCTION The relationship between adsorption and catalysis had attracted particular attention from the last century to the beginning of this century as the most essential aspect to understand the catalytic phenomena . In the early part of this century, the adsorption phenomena could be systematized
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