The monitoring of microbiological processes using Raman spectroscopy has gained in importance over the past few years. Commercial Raman spectroscopic equipment consists of a laser, spectrometer, and fiberoptic immersion probe in direct contact with the fermentation medium. To avoid possible sterilization problems and biofilm formation on the probe tip, a large-aperture Raman probe was developed. The design of the probe enables non-contact in-line measurements through glass vessels or inspection glasses of bioreactors and chemical reactors. The practical applicability of the probe was tested during yeast fermentations by monitoring the consumption of substrate glucose and the formation of ethanol as the product. Multiple linear regression models were applied to evaluate the Raman spectra. Reference values were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography. The relative errors of prediction for glucose and ethanol were 5 and 3%, respectively. The presented Raman probe allows simple adaption to a wide range of processes in the chemical, pharmaceutical, and biotechnological industries.
Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 27, 2017
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