Noise and Hypertension—a Narrative Review

Noise and Hypertension—a Narrative Review Purpose of review High systolic blood pressure is the leading risk factor for morbidity and premature mortality worldwide (Lancet 388:1659–724, 2016). The aim of this article is to give an overview about the current knowledge on the association of ambient noise exposure with elevations in blood pressure and hypertension. Recent findings Most studies so far show a positive association of long-term noise exposure and prevalence or incidence of hypertension, including a recent comprehensive review and meta-analysis of 24 studies on road traffic noise exposure and preva- lence of hypertension (odds ratio of 1.034 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.011–1.056] per 5 dB(A) increase of the 16 h average road traffic noise level (LAeq16hr) [range 45–75 dB(A)]). Open issues include improvements and harmonizations of noise exposure assessment via modeling, the derivation of outcome-specific noise indicators, the existence of threshold values, identification of vulnerable groups, assessing health effects of noise from multiple exposure sources, consideration of other concurrent environmen- tal exposures potentially confounding or modifying the noise effect, and the effectiveness of abatement and mitigation measures. Summary Ambient noise exposure is a highly prevalent health hazard with adverse effects on blood pressure and hypertension. . . . . Keywords Ambient noise Blood http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Current Epidemiology Reports Springer Journals

Noise and Hypertension—a Narrative Review

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Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Epidemiology
eISSN
2196-2995
D.O.I.
10.1007/s40471-018-0141-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose of review High systolic blood pressure is the leading risk factor for morbidity and premature mortality worldwide (Lancet 388:1659–724, 2016). The aim of this article is to give an overview about the current knowledge on the association of ambient noise exposure with elevations in blood pressure and hypertension. Recent findings Most studies so far show a positive association of long-term noise exposure and prevalence or incidence of hypertension, including a recent comprehensive review and meta-analysis of 24 studies on road traffic noise exposure and preva- lence of hypertension (odds ratio of 1.034 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.011–1.056] per 5 dB(A) increase of the 16 h average road traffic noise level (LAeq16hr) [range 45–75 dB(A)]). Open issues include improvements and harmonizations of noise exposure assessment via modeling, the derivation of outcome-specific noise indicators, the existence of threshold values, identification of vulnerable groups, assessing health effects of noise from multiple exposure sources, consideration of other concurrent environmen- tal exposures potentially confounding or modifying the noise effect, and the effectiveness of abatement and mitigation measures. Summary Ambient noise exposure is a highly prevalent health hazard with adverse effects on blood pressure and hypertension. . . . . Keywords Ambient noise Blood

Journal

Current Epidemiology ReportsSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 21, 2018

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