Introduction Purpose Recent historical research has reconstructed the roads leading to the Nobel Prize for the trained urologists Be it for the prize money (corresponding to about Werner Forssmann (1904–1979) in 1956 and Charles Hug- 1.000.000 $ today) or the international acclaim in medi- gins (1901–1997) in 1966. However, the story of urology cine, the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine was and the Nobel Prize does not start and end with the lau- perceived as a coveted trophy right from its very begin- reates. Taking James Israel (1848–1926), Félix Guyon ning in 1901. During the early years of the prize, lead- (1831–1920), and Peter J Freyer (1852–1921) as examples, ing medical journals spoke of it as “the ideal method this paper shows that pioneers in urology were in fact run- of encouraging the best scientific research” . At ners-up for the award much earlier. the same time, the specialty of urology experienced a Methods The study is based on an analysis of original remarkable institutionalization in Europe, primarily in files in the Nobel Prize archive in Stockholm, scientific Austria, France, Germany, and Great Britain. Therefore, publications of the early twentieth century, and secondary it is not surprising that
World Journal of Urology – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 21, 2016
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