This work investigated how calcium regulates the ethylene biosynthesis in the fruits of wild-type tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) and their ethylene receptor never-ripe (Nr) mutants. In Nr tomato, the ethylene perception was blocked. When both materials were treated with calcium, the content of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC)/malonyl-ACC and the activity of ACC oxidase (ACO) in tomato fruit discs increased, whereas the production of ethylene, content of malondialdehyde, and membrane permeability decreased. Calcium treatment did not affect the activity of ACC synthase, which is the first committed step in the ethylene biosynthesis pathway. The expression of LeACO1 in mature green fruit was inhibited significantly by calcium treatment in wild-type and Nr tomatoes, but the expression of LeACS2, the key ACC synthase gene in ethylene synthesis during tomato fruit maturing, was not affected. These results revealed that the effect of calcium on ethylene biosynthesis in tomato mature green fruit was independent of ethylene perception. The results also revealed that the targeting step of calcium preventing ethylene production was located at the ACC conversion to ethylene, by means of inhibiting ACC availability for ACO through enhancing cell membrane integrity and by means of preventing LeACO1 gene expression.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 24, 2006
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