Nitrogen-doped porous carbon using ZnCl2 as activating agent for high-performance supercapacitor electrode materials

Nitrogen-doped porous carbon using ZnCl2 as activating agent for high-performance supercapacitor... A facile method for synthesising porous carbon materials with high nitrogen content is employed in this study using 1H-Benzotriazole (BTA) as carbon precursor and ZnCl2 as active agent at 600–800 °C for 2 h under N2 atmosphere. Pure BTA completely degrades even at low temperature (270 °C) under inert gas, but ZnCl2 can convert the more organics to carbon because of its dehydration. The obtained NC-2-700 sample possesses a high specific surface area (1228 m2·g−1) and a nitrogen content up to 10.27 wt%. Moreover, the N-doped carbon exhibits a good electrochemical property (with a specific capacitance of 332 F·g−1 at the current density of 0.5 A·g−1), as well as an outstanding cycle stability (96.5% of the initial specific capacitance is maintained after 5000 cycles at 1 A·g−1). In addition, this obtained symmetric ultra-capacitor prepared from the NC-2-700 sample exhibits a highest energy density of 12.94 Wh·kg−1 with a power density of 375 W·kg−1 at a current density of 1 A·g−1. And even this NC-2-700//NC-2-700 supercapacitor gives 5.43 Wh·kg−1 with a power density of 3750 W·kg−1 at a high current density of 10 A·g−1. Consequently, these experimental results confirm that the porous carbon materials with high nitrogen content can be a prospective electrode material for supercapacitors. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Materials Science Springer Journals

Nitrogen-doped porous carbon using ZnCl2 as activating agent for high-performance supercapacitor electrode materials

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Materials Science; Materials Science, general; Characterization and Evaluation of Materials; Polymer Sciences; Continuum Mechanics and Mechanics of Materials; Crystallography and Scattering Methods; Classical Mechanics
ISSN
0022-2461
eISSN
1573-4803
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10853-017-1453-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A facile method for synthesising porous carbon materials with high nitrogen content is employed in this study using 1H-Benzotriazole (BTA) as carbon precursor and ZnCl2 as active agent at 600–800 °C for 2 h under N2 atmosphere. Pure BTA completely degrades even at low temperature (270 °C) under inert gas, but ZnCl2 can convert the more organics to carbon because of its dehydration. The obtained NC-2-700 sample possesses a high specific surface area (1228 m2·g−1) and a nitrogen content up to 10.27 wt%. Moreover, the N-doped carbon exhibits a good electrochemical property (with a specific capacitance of 332 F·g−1 at the current density of 0.5 A·g−1), as well as an outstanding cycle stability (96.5% of the initial specific capacitance is maintained after 5000 cycles at 1 A·g−1). In addition, this obtained symmetric ultra-capacitor prepared from the NC-2-700 sample exhibits a highest energy density of 12.94 Wh·kg−1 with a power density of 375 W·kg−1 at a current density of 1 A·g−1. And even this NC-2-700//NC-2-700 supercapacitor gives 5.43 Wh·kg−1 with a power density of 3750 W·kg−1 at a high current density of 10 A·g−1. Consequently, these experimental results confirm that the porous carbon materials with high nitrogen content can be a prospective electrode material for supercapacitors.

Journal

Journal of Materials ScienceSpringer Journals

Published: Nov 7, 2017

References

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