It was found that bionts isolated from the lichen Parmelia sulcata Taylor had a marked difference with respect to nitrate assimilation. Isolated and purified photobiont, the green alga Trebouxia sp. showed no ability of nitrate absorption. Mycobiont and thallus fragments containing both bionts absorbed nitrate. Illumination had no essential influence on the rate of nitrate uptake. The respiratory inhibitor sodium azide decreased the rate of nitrate uptake by 80–100%, whereas the photosynthetic inhibitor dichlorophenyldimethylurea did not reduce it. Using mass-spectroscopic technique, it was shown that, in the intact thallus, nitrate was first absorbed by the mycobiont, and only later appeared in the photobiont. Probably such nutritional difference between bionts serves as one of the mechanisms by which the host fungi control the associated green algae and support their symbiosis.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 12, 2008
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