Nine 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolases (KATs) and acetoacetyl-CoA thiolases (ACATs) encoded by five genes in Arabidopsis thaliana are targeted either to peroxisomes or cytosol but not to mitochondria

Nine 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolases (KATs) and acetoacetyl-CoA thiolases (ACATs) encoded by five genes... The sub-cellular location of enzymes of fatty acid β-oxidation in plants is controversial. In the current debate the role and location of particular thiolases in fatty acid degradation, fatty acid synthesis and isoleucine degradation are important. The aim of this research was to determine the sub-cellular location and hence provide information about possible functions of all the putative 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolases (KAT) and acetoacetyl-CoA thiolases (ACAT) in Arabidopsis. Arabidopsis has three genes predicted to encode KATs, one of which encodes two polypeptides that differ at the N-terminal end. Expression in Arabidopsis cells of cDNAs encoding each of these KATs fused to green fluorescent protein (GFP) at their C-termini showed that three are targeted to peroxisomes while the fourth is apparently cytosolic. The four KATs are also predicted to have mitochondrial targeting sequences, but purified mitochondria were unable to import any of the proteins in vitro. Arabidopsis also has two genes encoding a total of five different putative ACATs. One isoform is targeted to peroxisomes as a fusion with GFP, while the others display no targeting in vivo as GFP fusions, or import into isolated mitochondria. Analysis of gene co-expression clusters in Arabidopsis suggests a role for peroxisomal KAT2 in β-oxidation, while KAT5 co-expresses with genes of the flavonoid biosynthesis pathway and cytosolic ACAT2 clearly co-expresses with genes of the cytosolic mevalonate biosynthesis pathway. We conclude that KATs and ACATs are present in the cytosol and peroxisome, but are not found in mitochondria. The implications for fatty acid β-oxidation and for isoleucine degradation in mitochondria are discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Nine 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolases (KATs) and acetoacetyl-CoA thiolases (ACATs) encoded by five genes in Arabidopsis thaliana are targeted either to peroxisomes or cytosol but not to mitochondria

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/nine-3-ketoacyl-coa-thiolases-kats-and-acetoacetyl-coa-thiolases-acats-CQU74ee4Bx
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Pathology; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11103-006-9075-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The sub-cellular location of enzymes of fatty acid β-oxidation in plants is controversial. In the current debate the role and location of particular thiolases in fatty acid degradation, fatty acid synthesis and isoleucine degradation are important. The aim of this research was to determine the sub-cellular location and hence provide information about possible functions of all the putative 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolases (KAT) and acetoacetyl-CoA thiolases (ACAT) in Arabidopsis. Arabidopsis has three genes predicted to encode KATs, one of which encodes two polypeptides that differ at the N-terminal end. Expression in Arabidopsis cells of cDNAs encoding each of these KATs fused to green fluorescent protein (GFP) at their C-termini showed that three are targeted to peroxisomes while the fourth is apparently cytosolic. The four KATs are also predicted to have mitochondrial targeting sequences, but purified mitochondria were unable to import any of the proteins in vitro. Arabidopsis also has two genes encoding a total of five different putative ACATs. One isoform is targeted to peroxisomes as a fusion with GFP, while the others display no targeting in vivo as GFP fusions, or import into isolated mitochondria. Analysis of gene co-expression clusters in Arabidopsis suggests a role for peroxisomal KAT2 in β-oxidation, while KAT5 co-expresses with genes of the flavonoid biosynthesis pathway and cytosolic ACAT2 clearly co-expresses with genes of the cytosolic mevalonate biosynthesis pathway. We conclude that KATs and ACATs are present in the cytosol and peroxisome, but are not found in mitochondria. The implications for fatty acid β-oxidation and for isoleucine degradation in mitochondria are discussed.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Nov 21, 2006

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off