Nikolai Andreevich Kaluzhskii

Nikolai Andreevich Kaluzhskii Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, Vol. 78, No. 3, 2005, p. 516. Translated from Zhurnal Prikladnoi Khimii, Vol. 78, No. 3, 2005, p. 522. Original Russian Text Copyright 2005 by Vetyukov, Lebedev, Morachevskii. OBITUARIES (1925 2005) Nikolai Andreevich Kaluzhskii, one of the most prominent organizers of the domestic aluminum in- dustry, honored science worker, doctor of technical science, and professor, died of a severe illness on January 9, 2005, at the age of 79. He had headed for many years the All-Union Research and Design Insti- tute of Aluminum, Magnesium, and Electrode In- dustries (VAMI). Kaluzhskii was born on November 15, 1925, at Smorodino village (Kursk oblast) into an office workers’ family. He started to work in the war years at the age of sixteen. From January 1943 till March 1944 he served in the Soviet Army and took part in action. After being severely wounded, he was de- mobilized and continued his education. In 1951, Kaluzhskii graduated with a first-class honors degree from Leningrad Polytechnic Institute as an engineer-metallurgist. During the following three years, he worked his way up from a foreman to pro- trolyzers with burnt anodes, operating at currents of duction manager at the electrolysis shop of the alumi- up to 260 kA, in the aluminum industry. Kaluzhskii’s num plant in Novokuznetsk. Kaluzhskii took part in achievements in equipping with high-performance starting-up the Nadvoitsy aluminum plant (Karelia) process apparatus, designing, and putting in operation in 1954 and became its director in 1956. the Bratsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tajik, and Sayany aluminum From 1960 till 1966 Kaluzhskii occupied executive plants are remarkable. positions in the Council of Ministers of the Republic Kaluzhskii was a prominent scientist in the field of Karelia and in the regional committee of the com- of chemical technology, electrochemistry of melts, munist party. Beginning in 1966, and for more than powder metallurgy, and composites. He was the 25 years, Kaluzhskii had been director of VAMI in author of more than 100 scientific publications, made Leningrad. Designs were made and production facili- 95 inventions, and obtained a large number of patents ties were put in service at virtually all aluminum in various countries. plants constructed in our country in the post-war years Kaluzhskii was decorated for his research, produc- under his supervision and with his direct involvement. tion, and organizational achievements with high state A particular pronounced contribution was made by awards and prizes of the Council of Ministers of the Kaluzhskii to the development of theoretical founda- USSR and Government of Russia. tions of aluminum manufacture with the use of high- power electrolyzers with burnt anodes. In his doctoral dissertation defended in 1976, Kaluzhskii thoroughly M. M. Vetyukov, O. A. Lebedev, substantiated the feasibility of application of elec- and A. G. Morachevskii 1070-4272/05/7803-0516 2005 Pleiades Publishing, Inc. Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry Springer Journals

Nikolai Andreevich Kaluzhskii

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Copyright © 2005 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Chemistry; Chemistry/Food Science, general; Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering
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