Niflumic Acid Affects Store-Operated Ca2+-Permeable (SOC) and Ca2+-Dependent K+ and Cl− Ion Channels and Induces Apoptosis in K562 Cells

Niflumic Acid Affects Store-Operated Ca2+-Permeable (SOC) and Ca2+-Dependent K+ and Cl− Ion... Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are known to induce apoptosis in a variety of cancer cells. However, the precise mechanisms by which NSAIDs facilitate apoptosis in tumor cells are not clear. In the present study, we show that niflumic acid (NA), a member of the fenamates group of NSAIDs and Cl− and Ca2+-activated Cl− (CAC) channels blocker, induced apoptosis (by ~8 %, 24 h treatment) and potentiated (by 8–10 %) apoptotic effect of endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ mobilizer thapsigargin (Tg) in human erythroleukemic K562 cell line. The whole-cell patch clamp and Fluo-3 flow cytometric experiments confirmed an inhibitory effect of NA (100 and 300 µM) on store-operated (SOC) channels. We also found that NA-blocked CAC channels were activated by acute application of Tg (2 µM) in K562 cells. NA blockage of CAC channels was accompanied by activation of Ca2+-activated K+ (SK4) channels. The observed effects of NA were not connected with COX-2 inhibition since 100-nM NA (IC50 for COX-2 inhibition) did not induce either apoptosis or affect the channels activity. We conclude that inhibition of SOC channels plays a major role in NA-induced apoptosis. Increased apoptotic levels in Tg-treated K562 cells in the presence of NA may be due to the blockage of CAC and stimulation of SK4 channels in addition to SOC channels inhibition. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Niflumic Acid Affects Store-Operated Ca2+-Permeable (SOC) and Ca2+-Dependent K+ and Cl− Ion Channels and Induces Apoptosis in K562 Cells

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2014 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-014-9680-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are known to induce apoptosis in a variety of cancer cells. However, the precise mechanisms by which NSAIDs facilitate apoptosis in tumor cells are not clear. In the present study, we show that niflumic acid (NA), a member of the fenamates group of NSAIDs and Cl− and Ca2+-activated Cl− (CAC) channels blocker, induced apoptosis (by ~8 %, 24 h treatment) and potentiated (by 8–10 %) apoptotic effect of endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ mobilizer thapsigargin (Tg) in human erythroleukemic K562 cell line. The whole-cell patch clamp and Fluo-3 flow cytometric experiments confirmed an inhibitory effect of NA (100 and 300 µM) on store-operated (SOC) channels. We also found that NA-blocked CAC channels were activated by acute application of Tg (2 µM) in K562 cells. NA blockage of CAC channels was accompanied by activation of Ca2+-activated K+ (SK4) channels. The observed effects of NA were not connected with COX-2 inhibition since 100-nM NA (IC50 for COX-2 inhibition) did not induce either apoptosis or affect the channels activity. We conclude that inhibition of SOC channels plays a major role in NA-induced apoptosis. Increased apoptotic levels in Tg-treated K562 cells in the presence of NA may be due to the blockage of CAC and stimulation of SK4 channels in addition to SOC channels inhibition.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: May 25, 2014

References

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