To obtain 2-benzimidazolyl acrylate 2, a new efficient synthesis of 2-benzimidazoleacetate, involving esterification of 2-benzimidazole acetic acid at low temperature as the crucial step, was developed. The generality and efficiency of the process was illustrated by the high-yield synthesis of methyl, ethyl, i-propyl, and n-butyl 2-benzimidazoleacetate. The Knoevenagel reaction of 2-benzimidazoleacetate with aromatic aldehydes was studied. It was found that only in the presence of a catalytic amount of morpholine could the Knoevenagel reaction proceed to give the expected 3-aryl-2-benzimidazolyl acrylate. A mechanism for the morpholine-catalyzed reaction is suggested.
Research on Chemical Intermediates – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 27, 2011
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