Pyke et al. Emerging Microbes & Infections (2018) 7:26 DOI 10.1038/s41426-018-0024-2 Emerging Microbes & Infections CORRESPONDENCE Open Access New insights into chikungunya virus emergence and spread from Southeast Asia 1 1 1 Alyssa T. Pyke , Peter R. Moore and Jamie McMahon Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a mosquito-borne virus Feira de Santana, possibly imported from Angola . of the family Togaviridae, genus Alphavirus, which causes CHIKV also re-emerged from Asia and rapidly spread to a debilitating polyarthritic disease syndrome characterised Paciﬁc regions including New Caledonia (2007), Yap, by fever, arthralgia, myalgia, headache and rash . Circu- Federated States of Micronesia (2013), Samoa, American lation of the virus predominantly occurs in urban trans- Samoa and French Polynesia (2014), and Kiribati (2015) . mission cycles between humans and mosquitoes and can In December, 2013, the Asian lineage was detected on the rapidly escalate into large-scale epidemics causing high Caribbean Island, Saint Martin and has since caused 1,2 rates of morbidity . The virus was originally isolated in widespread epidemics, involving millions of cases, in 3 6 1953 in Tanzania , however clinical descriptions of pre- North, Central and South America . vious disease outbreaks in the Caribbean (St. Thomas) Previous phylogenetic
Emerging Microbes & Infections – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 14, 2018
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