New haplotypes in the Bedlington terrier indicate complexity in copper toxicosis

New haplotypes in the Bedlington terrier indicate complexity in copper toxicosis Copper toxicosis (CT) is an autosomal recessive disorder common in Bedlington terriers. Previously, the CT locus was mapped to canine Chromosome (Chr) 10q26 through linkage to marker C04107. Diagnosis, traditionally based on liver biopsy, has recently shifted to interpretation of the C04107 microsatellite alleles where allele 2 segregates with the disease with 90–95% accuracy. Recently, CT has been attributed to a deletion of exon 2 in the MURR1 gene. We also identified a deletion of exon 2 of MURR1 in our collection of 2-2 homozygous affected terriers. However, our collection also included affected 1-1 homozygotes and 1-2 heterozygotes, and these dogs did not have the homozygous deletion. In addition to C04107, we analyzed an adjacent microsatellite (C04107B), and two novel SNPs, all within intron 1 of MURR1, and sequenced all exons and their intronic boundaries. Pedigree analysis indicates that there are two typical haplotypes, one normal and one affected, maintaining complete linkage disequilibrium between C04107 allele 2 and the deletion in most pedigrees. Most importantly, we identified a recombinant haplotype present in a North American pedigree, where allele 2 is not linked with the deletion, and a fourth haplotype containing a splice site variant. Although the splice site alteration appears to be a normal variant, it is present in two affected dogs, which do not carry homozygous deletions of MURR1. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Mammalian Genome Springer Journals

New haplotypes in the Bedlington terrier indicate complexity in copper toxicosis

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 by Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Subject
Philosophy
ISSN
0938-8990
eISSN
1432-1777
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00335-002-2255-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Copper toxicosis (CT) is an autosomal recessive disorder common in Bedlington terriers. Previously, the CT locus was mapped to canine Chromosome (Chr) 10q26 through linkage to marker C04107. Diagnosis, traditionally based on liver biopsy, has recently shifted to interpretation of the C04107 microsatellite alleles where allele 2 segregates with the disease with 90–95% accuracy. Recently, CT has been attributed to a deletion of exon 2 in the MURR1 gene. We also identified a deletion of exon 2 of MURR1 in our collection of 2-2 homozygous affected terriers. However, our collection also included affected 1-1 homozygotes and 1-2 heterozygotes, and these dogs did not have the homozygous deletion. In addition to C04107, we analyzed an adjacent microsatellite (C04107B), and two novel SNPs, all within intron 1 of MURR1, and sequenced all exons and their intronic boundaries. Pedigree analysis indicates that there are two typical haplotypes, one normal and one affected, maintaining complete linkage disequilibrium between C04107 allele 2 and the deletion in most pedigrees. Most importantly, we identified a recombinant haplotype present in a North American pedigree, where allele 2 is not linked with the deletion, and a fourth haplotype containing a splice site variant. Although the splice site alteration appears to be a normal variant, it is present in two affected dogs, which do not carry homozygous deletions of MURR1.

Journal

Mammalian GenomeSpringer Journals

Published: Aug 21, 2003

References

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