In search of new efficient markers for genetic diagnostics of hemophilia A, two tri-nucleotide microsatellite repeats (STR) at chromosome X loci, which flank coagulation factor VIII gene (F8), namely STR HA472—CTT-repeat, which is localized adjacent to the GAB3 gene 163 kb apart from the 3′ end of the F8 gene and STR HA544—repeat (CTT) x (ATT) y located at a distance of 375 kb from the 5′ end of the F8 gene were discovered. Detailed analysis using PCR and sequencing has shown that STR HA472 contains two long variable CTT-blocks separated by small spacer CCTCCC. The location of recognition site of restriction endonuclease MnlI (CCTC) in the spacer permits to test differentially the polymorphic blocks and thus to increase the analysis informativity. STR HA544 is also represented by two polymorphic blocks (CTT and ATT), for separate amplification of which highly informative PCR amplification assays were elaborated. The study has been done using DNA samples of 212 individuals (125 women) from 48 families with hemophilia A carriers. Our results point to Mendelian inheritance of the markers studied, a high number of allelic variants and high heterozygosity, which was 90 and 100% for HA544 and HA472, respectively. This permitted us to use these data for practical gene diagnostics of the carriers and prenatal diagnostics of hemophilia A. In addition to high informativity STR HA472 and HA544 are highly important for diagnostics as they are located at a shorter distance than other known extragenic polymorphisms of the F8 gene. In contrast to dinucleotide repeats, trinucleotide repeats are readily tested, not requiring high-resolution electrophoretic systems. In addition, they are located on the opposite sites of the F8 gene. This permits to control homologous recombination events in the locus and thus to prevent diagnostic mistakes.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 28, 2007
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