This paper reports data on deep-water solitary ahermatypic corals that were collected on the shelf of Vietnam. Among these, 28 species belonging to 16 genera and eight families were identified; 9 species are first records for the South China Sea, and 2 species (Deltocyathus radiatus sp. n. and Flabellum septodentatus sp. n.) are described as new to science. Dendrophyllia sp. (33 indiv. in sample) and Truncatoflabellum crassum (28 indiv. in sample) formed massive aggregations. The taxonomically richest genera were Flabellum, Truncatoflabellum, and Caryophyllia. Coral density and species diversity were highest at depths of 90–230 and 285–390 m, respectively. Deep-water corals of Vietnam are integral with the coral fauna of the Indo-Polynesian Province. The data we obtained contribute to the knowledge of the composition and chorology of the worldwide fauna of solitary corals.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: May 6, 2014
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