New chemical markers based on phthaleins

New chemical markers based on phthaleins New chemical markers based on mixtures of individual phthaleins were developed. These markers are characterized by high level of secrecy in use, good transferability to contacting persons, enhanced retention on the objects marked, and reliable identification of phthaleins by expert investigation. The experimental studies of the markers obtained show that the synthesized mixture of three phthalein homologs contains the previously unknown phthalein with unsymmetrical phenolic substituents, o-cresolphenolphthalein [3-(3′-methyl-4′-hydroxyphenyl)-3-(4″-hydroxyphenyl)phthalide], which decreases the probability of the marker falsification. Quantum-chemical calculations of the reaction of the o-cresolphthalein synthesis show that the overall reaction is characterized by small positive changes in the enthalpy and Gibbs free energy, and the second and third steps occur with negative changes in the Gibbs energy. The optimum structure of the transition state was calculated. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry Springer Journals
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Publisher
Pleiades Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Chemistry; Chemistry/Food Science, general; Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering
ISSN
1070-4272
eISSN
1608-3296
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1070427215040278
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

New chemical markers based on mixtures of individual phthaleins were developed. These markers are characterized by high level of secrecy in use, good transferability to contacting persons, enhanced retention on the objects marked, and reliable identification of phthaleins by expert investigation. The experimental studies of the markers obtained show that the synthesized mixture of three phthalein homologs contains the previously unknown phthalein with unsymmetrical phenolic substituents, o-cresolphenolphthalein [3-(3′-methyl-4′-hydroxyphenyl)-3-(4″-hydroxyphenyl)phthalide], which decreases the probability of the marker falsification. Quantum-chemical calculations of the reaction of the o-cresolphthalein synthesis show that the overall reaction is characterized by small positive changes in the enthalpy and Gibbs free energy, and the second and third steps occur with negative changes in the Gibbs energy. The optimum structure of the transition state was calculated.

Journal

Russian Journal of Applied ChemistrySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 14, 2015

References

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