Neuroimaging of Cavernous Malformations

Neuroimaging of Cavernous Malformations Curr Pain Headache Rep (2017) 21: 47 IMAGING (L MECHTLER, SECTION EDITOR) 1 1 2 1 Maxim Mokin & Siviero Agazzi & Lowell Dawson & Christopher T. Primiani Published online: 13 October 2017 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017 . . Abstract Keywords Cavernoma Cerebral cavernous malformation Purpose of Review Cerebral cavernous malformations Diffusion tensor imaging Quantitative susceptibility (CCMs) are common vascular abnormalities often discovered mapping Susceptibility-weighted imaging on imaging as an incidental finding. The most common clin- ical presentations of CCMs include seizure, headache, focal neurological deficits, and intracranial hemorrhage. This article Introduction discusses the most recent guidelines including imaging diag- nostic criteria and radiographic standards of CCMs and re- Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs), also known as views the utility of currently available imaging techniques. cavernous angioma, Recent Findings Gradient echo T2*-weighted imaging and hemangioma, or cavernoma, are common vascular abnor- susceptibility-weighted imaging are the recommended imag- malities typically found in the supratentorial region of the ing protocols for evaluation of suspected CCMs. Diffusion brain with an estimated prevalence of 0.4% to 0.8% [1, 2]. tensor imaging-based tractography provides visualization of CCMs account for 5–13% of all the intracranial vascular the eloquent white matter tracks in the brain. Current Pain and Headache Reports Springer Journals

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Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Medicine & Public Health; Pain Medicine; Internal Medicine
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