We tested the effect of forecasted soil drought and warming climate conditions for the next decades on emission rates of isoprenoids by mediterranean shrublands. We measured isoprenoid emissions by whole dominant mediterranean woody plants (Erica multiflora L. and Globularia alypum L.) inhabiting the studied shrublands. Monoterpene emissions were detected in both species, but isoprene was emitted only by E. multiflora. Maximum emission rates were found during the hottest periods (except for G. alypum, in which they occurred in autumn), and minimum emission rates in winter in E. multiflora. Terpene emission rates ranged from 0.08 μg/(g dry wt h) in winter in E. multiflora to 8.8 μg/(g dry wt h) in G. alypum in autumn. In E. multiflora, the terpene emission rates decreased in response to soil drought only in summer, but increased in response to warming in spring and autumn. Isoprene emissions ranged from 0.1 μg/(g dry wt h) in spring to 4.4 μg/(g dry wt h) in summer. The effect of the treatments was only detected in autumn when soil drought and warming had a negative effect on isoprene emission rates. These data might improve our knowledge of isoprenoid emissions at the canopy level and in response to climate change, soil drought, or warming.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 8, 2009
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