The electrodiffusion technique has been used to investigate reattaching and recirculating flows behind a backward-facing step. The instantaneous wall shear rate vectors were determined using the current signals provided by a three-segment electrodiffusion probe. The near-wall extents of two counter-rotating recirculation zones located behind the step were determined under turbulent flow conditions in a water channel. The near-wall flow inside these recirculation zones was found to be very unsteady, with strong low-frequency fluctuations. The streamwise profiles of the wall shear stress were measured at several values of the Reynolds number and a high level of skin friction was obtained in the reverse-flow region. The strong dependence of the peak value of skin friction on the Reynolds number confirms the viscous-dominated character of the reverse flow appearing inside the recirculation zone.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 1, 2001
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