The near-field flow structure of a tip vortex behind a sweptback and tapered NACA 0015 wing was investigated and compared with a rectangular wing at the same lift force and Re=1.81×105. The tangential velocity decreased with the downstream distance while increased with the airfoil incidence. The core radius was about 3% of the root chord c r, regardless of the downstream distance and α for α<8°. The core axial velocity was always wake-like. The core Γc and total Γo circulation of the tip vortex remained nearly constant up to x/c r=3.5 and had a Γc/Γo ratio of 0.63. The total circulation of the tip vortex accounted for only about 40% of the bound root circulation Γb. For a rectangular wing, the axial flow exhibited islands of wake- and jet-like velocity distributions with Γc/Γo=0.75 and Γo/Γb=0.70. For the sweptback and tapered wing tested, the inner region of the tip vortex flow exhibited a self-similar behavior for x/c r≥1.0. The lift force computed from the spanwise circulation distributions agreed well with the force-balance data. A large difference in the lift-induced drag was, however, observed between the wake integral method and the inviscid lifting-line theory.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 20, 2005
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