SBA-15 and KIT-6 materials have been synthesized and modified with iron salts by the wet impregnation method with different metal loadings. The different mesostructures obtained were characterized by N2 adsorption–desorption at 77 K, X-ray diffraction, temperature-programmed reduction, and ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy. These iron-containing mesostructured materials have been successfully tested for the heterogeneous photo-Fenton degradation of aqueous solutions of dangerous herbicides, such as atrazine, using UV–visible light irradiation, at room temperature and close to neutral pH. The results showed that the Fe/SBA-15 (10%) and Fe/KIT-6 (5%) catalysts exhibited the highest activities. However, the Fe/KIT-6 (5%) catalyst with minor Fe loading than Fe/SBA-15 (10%) presented a higher degradation of atrazine (above 98% in a reaction time of 240 min). Therefore, the interconnectivity of the cage-like mesopores had an important influence on the catalytic activity, favoring probably mass-transfer effects. Thus, the high performance of these materials indicates that the heterogeneous via of photo-Fenton process can also be efficiently employed to treat wastewaters containing pollutants such as herbicides, in order to reduce them to simplest and less toxic molecules.
Environmental Science and Pollution Research – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 2, 2018
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