Nanometer-Scale Permeabilization and Osmotic Swelling Induced by 5-ns Pulsed Electric Fields

Nanometer-Scale Permeabilization and Osmotic Swelling Induced by 5-ns Pulsed Electric Fields High-intensity nanosecond pulsed electric fields (nsPEFs) permeabilize cell membranes. Although progress has been made toward an understanding of the mechanism of nsPEF-induced membrane poration, the dependence of pore size and distribution on pulse duration, strength, number, and repetition rate remains poorly defined experimentally. In this paper, we characterize the size of nsPEF-induced pores in living cell membranes by isosmotically replacing the solutes in pulsing media with polyethylene glycols and sugars before exposing Jurkat T lymphoblasts to 5 ns, 10 MV/m electric pulses. Pore size was evaluated by analyzing cell volume changes resulting from the permeation of osmolytes through the plasma membrane. We find that pores created by 5 ns pulses have a diameter between 0.7 and 0.9 nm at pulse counts up to 100 with a repetition rate of 1 kHz. For larger number of pulses, either the pore diameter or the number of pores created, or both, increase with increasing pulse counts. But the prevention of cell swelling by PEG 1000 even after 2000 pulses suggests that 5 ns, 10 MV/m pulses cannot produce pores with a diameter larger than 1.9 nm. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Nanometer-Scale Permeabilization and Osmotic Swelling Induced by 5-ns Pulsed Electric Fields

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-016-9918-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

High-intensity nanosecond pulsed electric fields (nsPEFs) permeabilize cell membranes. Although progress has been made toward an understanding of the mechanism of nsPEF-induced membrane poration, the dependence of pore size and distribution on pulse duration, strength, number, and repetition rate remains poorly defined experimentally. In this paper, we characterize the size of nsPEF-induced pores in living cell membranes by isosmotically replacing the solutes in pulsing media with polyethylene glycols and sugars before exposing Jurkat T lymphoblasts to 5 ns, 10 MV/m electric pulses. Pore size was evaluated by analyzing cell volume changes resulting from the permeation of osmolytes through the plasma membrane. We find that pores created by 5 ns pulses have a diameter between 0.7 and 0.9 nm at pulse counts up to 100 with a repetition rate of 1 kHz. For larger number of pulses, either the pore diameter or the number of pores created, or both, increase with increasing pulse counts. But the prevention of cell swelling by PEG 1000 even after 2000 pulses suggests that 5 ns, 10 MV/m pulses cannot produce pores with a diameter larger than 1.9 nm.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 19, 2016

References

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