Nanometer-scale chip formation and surface integrity of pure titanium in diamond turning

Nanometer-scale chip formation and surface integrity of pure titanium in diamond turning Titanium is attracting great attentions in aerospace and medical applications where high surface quality plays an important role in improving the product performance. For developing nano-precision machining technology for titanium, clarification of the nanometer-scale chip formation mechanism is essential. In this study, the surface formation mechanism of pure titanium in ultraprecision cutting tests using single-crystal diamond tools was investigated. The results demonstrated that decreasing undeformed chip thickness from the micrometer scale down to the nanometer scale had profound impacts on the shear angle, specific cutting force, and chip morphology. Chip tearing phenomenon occurred when undeformed chip thickness is smaller than a critical value (~ 100 nm), which significantly affected the chip morphology and machined surface integrity. In nanometer-scale cutting, tool feed mark is no longer a major reason of surface roughness; instead, material plucking, debris, scratches, and chip adhesion influenced the surface integrity. The high pressure generated in the nanometer-scale cutting caused a hardness increase in workpiece material and promoted workpiece material adhesion to the tool surface, as well as tool wear. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology Springer Journals

Nanometer-scale chip formation and surface integrity of pure titanium in diamond turning

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag London Ltd.
Subject
Engineering; Industrial and Production Engineering; Media Management; Mechanical Engineering; Computer-Aided Engineering (CAD, CAE) and Design
ISSN
0268-3768
eISSN
1433-3015
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00170-017-1185-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Titanium is attracting great attentions in aerospace and medical applications where high surface quality plays an important role in improving the product performance. For developing nano-precision machining technology for titanium, clarification of the nanometer-scale chip formation mechanism is essential. In this study, the surface formation mechanism of pure titanium in ultraprecision cutting tests using single-crystal diamond tools was investigated. The results demonstrated that decreasing undeformed chip thickness from the micrometer scale down to the nanometer scale had profound impacts on the shear angle, specific cutting force, and chip morphology. Chip tearing phenomenon occurred when undeformed chip thickness is smaller than a critical value (~ 100 nm), which significantly affected the chip morphology and machined surface integrity. In nanometer-scale cutting, tool feed mark is no longer a major reason of surface roughness; instead, material plucking, debris, scratches, and chip adhesion influenced the surface integrity. The high pressure generated in the nanometer-scale cutting caused a hardness increase in workpiece material and promoted workpiece material adhesion to the tool surface, as well as tool wear.

Journal

The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing TechnologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 25, 2017

References

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