Mutations of the secondary cell wall

Mutations of the secondary cell wall It has not been possible to isolate a number of crucial enzymes involved in plant cell wall synthesis. Recent progress in identifying some of these steps has been overcome by the isolation of mutants defective in various aspects of cell wall synthesis and the use of these mutants to identify the corresponding genes. Secondary cell walls offer numerous advantages for genetic analysis of plant cell walls. It is possible to recover very severe mutants since the plants remain viable. In addition, although variation in secondary cell wall composition occurs between different species and between different cell types, the composition of the walls is relatively simple compared to primary cell walls. Despite these advantages, relatively few secondary cell wall mutations have been described to date. The only secondary cell wall mutations characterised to date, in which the basis of the abnormality is known, have defects in either the control of secondary cell wall deposition or secondary cell wall cellulose or lignin biosynthesis. These mutants have, however, provided essential information on secondary cell wall biosynthesis. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Mutations of the secondary cell wall

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1010695818416
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

It has not been possible to isolate a number of crucial enzymes involved in plant cell wall synthesis. Recent progress in identifying some of these steps has been overcome by the isolation of mutants defective in various aspects of cell wall synthesis and the use of these mutants to identify the corresponding genes. Secondary cell walls offer numerous advantages for genetic analysis of plant cell walls. It is possible to recover very severe mutants since the plants remain viable. In addition, although variation in secondary cell wall composition occurs between different species and between different cell types, the composition of the walls is relatively simple compared to primary cell walls. Despite these advantages, relatively few secondary cell wall mutations have been described to date. The only secondary cell wall mutations characterised to date, in which the basis of the abnormality is known, have defects in either the control of secondary cell wall deposition or secondary cell wall cellulose or lignin biosynthesis. These mutants have, however, provided essential information on secondary cell wall biosynthesis.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 3, 2004

References

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