Mutations in the M4 Domain of the Torpedo californica Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Alter Channel Opening and Closing

Mutations in the M4 Domain of the Torpedo californica Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Alter... We studied the functional effects of single amino acid substitutions in the postulated M4 transmembrane domains of Torpedo californica nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) expressed in Xenopus oocytes at the single-channel level. At low ACh concentrations and cold temperatures, the replacement of wild-type α418Cys residues with the large, hydrophobic amino acids tryptophan or phenylalanine increased mean open times 26-fold and 3-fold, respectively. The mutation of a homologous cysteine in the β subunit (β447Trp) had similar but smaller effects on mean open time. Coexpression of α418Trp and β447Trp had the largest effect on channel open time, increasing mean open time 58-fold. No changes in conductance or ion selectivity were detected for any of the single subunit amino acid substitutions tested. However, the coexpression of the α418Trp and β447Trp mutated subunits also produced channels with at least two additional conductance levels. Block by acetylcholine was apparent in the current records from α418Trp mutants. Burst analysis of the α418Trp mutations showed an increase in the channel open probability, due to a decrease in the apparent channel closing rate and a probable increase in the effective opening rate. Our results show that modifications in the primary structure of the α- and β subunit M4 domain, which are postulated to be at the lipid-protein interface, can significantly alter channel gating, and that mutations in multiple subunits act additively to increase channel open time. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Mutations in the M4 Domain of the Torpedo californica Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Alter Channel Opening and Closing

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/mutations-in-the-m4-domain-of-the-torpedo-californica-nicotinic-PjnQdxdjYT
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 1997 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s002329900240
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial