Mutants of Burkholderia cenocepacia with a change in synthesis of N-acyl-homoserine lactones—Signal molecules of quorum sensing regulation

Mutants of Burkholderia cenocepacia with a change in synthesis of N-acyl-homoserine... By means of plasposon mutagenesis, mutants of Burkholderia cenocepacia 370 with the change in production of N-acyl-homoserine lactones (AHL), signal molecules of the Quorum Sensing system of regulation, were obtained. To localize plasposon insertions in mutant strains, fragments of chromosomal DNA containing plasposons were cloned, adjacent DNA regions sequenced, and a search for homologous nucleotide sequences in the GeneBank was initiated. It has been shown that the insertion of plasposon into gene lon encoding Lon proteinase drastically decreases AHL synthesis. Upon insertion of plasposon into gene pps encoding phosphoenolpyruvate-synthase, enhancement of AHL production is observed. In mutant carrying inactivated gene lon, a strong decline of extracellular protease activity, hemolytic, and chitinolytic activities was observed in comparison with the original strain; lipase activity was not changed in this mutant. Mutation in gene pps did not affect these properties of B. cenocepacia 370. Mutations in genes lon and pps reduced the virulence of bacteria upon infection of mice. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Mutants of Burkholderia cenocepacia with a change in synthesis of N-acyl-homoserine lactones—Signal molecules of quorum sensing regulation

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Biomedicine; Human Genetics; Microbial Genetics and Genomics; Animal Genetics and Genomics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1022795412050213
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

By means of plasposon mutagenesis, mutants of Burkholderia cenocepacia 370 with the change in production of N-acyl-homoserine lactones (AHL), signal molecules of the Quorum Sensing system of regulation, were obtained. To localize plasposon insertions in mutant strains, fragments of chromosomal DNA containing plasposons were cloned, adjacent DNA regions sequenced, and a search for homologous nucleotide sequences in the GeneBank was initiated. It has been shown that the insertion of plasposon into gene lon encoding Lon proteinase drastically decreases AHL synthesis. Upon insertion of plasposon into gene pps encoding phosphoenolpyruvate-synthase, enhancement of AHL production is observed. In mutant carrying inactivated gene lon, a strong decline of extracellular protease activity, hemolytic, and chitinolytic activities was observed in comparison with the original strain; lipase activity was not changed in this mutant. Mutation in gene pps did not affect these properties of B. cenocepacia 370. Mutations in genes lon and pps reduced the virulence of bacteria upon infection of mice.

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: May 15, 2012

References

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