Phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase (PHGPx), also known as glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4), is a 19-kDa, monomeric enzyme that protects cells from lipid peroxide-mediated damage by catalyzing the reduction of lipid peroxides. PHGPx is synthesized in two forms, as a 194-amino acid peptide that predominates in gonadal tissue and localizes to mitochondria, and as a 170-amino acid protein that predominates in most somatic tissues and localizes to the cytoplasm. With the rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) procedure, an 876-bp PHGPx cDNA was amplified from mouse testis, and a 767-bp PHGPx cDNA was amplified from mouse heart. The cDNA sequences were identical except that the testis cDNA contained an additional 109 bp at its 5′ end. With a partial cDNA with complete homology to both the testis and myocardial PHGPx cDNAs, the murine tissue distribution of PHGPx mRNA expression was determined by Northern blotting. Highest level of PHGPx expression was found in the testis, followed by the kidney, heart and skeletal muscle, liver, brain, lung, and spleen. Northern blotting performed with a cDNA specific for the longer PHGPx transcript demonstrated that this longer PHGPx transcript was present only in the testis. A 1.4-kb PHGPx genomic fragment was amplified from murine kidney DNA and used to map the PHGPx gene by linkage analysis of restriction fragment length variants (RFLVs). The murine PHGPx gene (Gpx4) was mapped to a region of murine Chromosome (Chr) 10, located 43 cM from the centromere, that is syntenic with the human locus, which is located at the terminus of the short arm of human Chr 19. This information may be valuable in characterizing the role of PHGPx in modulating susceptibility to lipid peroxide-mediated injury in inbred murine strains and for targeted disruption of the gene.
Mammalian Genome – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 11, 2014
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