Murine inter-strain polymorphisms alter gene targeting frequencies at the mu opioid receptor locus in embryonic stem cells

Murine inter-strain polymorphisms alter gene targeting frequencies at the mu opioid receptor... Chromosomal regions near the mu opioid receptor gene are implicated in morphine preference by quantitative trait loci studies. Differences in expression of the mu opioid receptor are expected to contribute to differences in inter-individual (humans) or strain-specific (mice) responses to painful stimuli, opiate drugs, and addictive behaviors. The search for relevant genetic elements is hindered by a lack of inter-strain (or inter-individual) genomic sequence information. This work describes 9.3 kb of DNA sequence surrounding exons 2 and 3 of the murine mu opioid receptor gene from both 129/Sv and C57BL/6 strains. While the exons are perfectly conserved, intronic sequences demonstrate approximately a 2.5% divergence between the strains. Polymorphism within these intronic regions may effect either primary transcript stability or C-terminal splicing. Homologous recombination frequencies of targeting vectors harboring mu opioid receptor gene sequences have also been compared in embryonic stem cells derived from these strains. Non-isogenic targeting reduces homologous recombination in both 129/Sv and C57BL/6 embryonic stem cells by greater than 15-fold. These findings are the first to examine C57BL/6 embryonic stem cells for non-isogenic targeting frequencies and to define polymorphisms that exist between these mouse strains which might contribute to opioid behaviors. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Mammalian Genome Springer Journals

Murine inter-strain polymorphisms alter gene targeting frequencies at the mu opioid receptor locus in embryonic stem cells

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 by Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Subject
Life Sciences; Cell Biology; Anatomy; Zoology
ISSN
0938-8990
eISSN
1432-1777
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00335-001-1003-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Chromosomal regions near the mu opioid receptor gene are implicated in morphine preference by quantitative trait loci studies. Differences in expression of the mu opioid receptor are expected to contribute to differences in inter-individual (humans) or strain-specific (mice) responses to painful stimuli, opiate drugs, and addictive behaviors. The search for relevant genetic elements is hindered by a lack of inter-strain (or inter-individual) genomic sequence information. This work describes 9.3 kb of DNA sequence surrounding exons 2 and 3 of the murine mu opioid receptor gene from both 129/Sv and C57BL/6 strains. While the exons are perfectly conserved, intronic sequences demonstrate approximately a 2.5% divergence between the strains. Polymorphism within these intronic regions may effect either primary transcript stability or C-terminal splicing. Homologous recombination frequencies of targeting vectors harboring mu opioid receptor gene sequences have also been compared in embryonic stem cells derived from these strains. Non-isogenic targeting reduces homologous recombination in both 129/Sv and C57BL/6 embryonic stem cells by greater than 15-fold. These findings are the first to examine C57BL/6 embryonic stem cells for non-isogenic targeting frequencies and to define polymorphisms that exist between these mouse strains which might contribute to opioid behaviors.

Journal

Mammalian GenomeSpringer Journals

Published: Feb 20, 2014

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