Multiple Equating of Separate IRT Calibrations

Multiple Equating of Separate IRT Calibrations When test forms are calibrated separately, item response theory parameters are not comparable because they are expressed on different measurement scales. The equating process includes the conversion of item parameter estimates on a common scale and the determination of comparable test scores. Various statistical methods have been proposed to perform equating between two test forms. This paper provides a generalization to multiple test forms of the mean-geometric mean, the mean-mean, the Haebara, and the Stocking–Lord methods. The proposed methods estimate simultaneously the equating coefficients that permit the scale transformation of the parameters of all forms to the scale of the base form. Asymptotic standard errors of the equating coefficients are derived. A simulation study is presented to illustrate the performance of the methods. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Psychometrika Springer Journals

Multiple Equating of Separate IRT Calibrations

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by The Psychometric Society
Subject
Psychology; Psychometrics; Assessment, Testing and Evaluation; Statistics for Social Science, Behavorial Science, Education, Public Policy, and Law; Statistical Theory and Methods
ISSN
0033-3123
eISSN
1860-0980
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11336-016-9517-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

When test forms are calibrated separately, item response theory parameters are not comparable because they are expressed on different measurement scales. The equating process includes the conversion of item parameter estimates on a common scale and the determination of comparable test scores. Various statistical methods have been proposed to perform equating between two test forms. This paper provides a generalization to multiple test forms of the mean-geometric mean, the mean-mean, the Haebara, and the Stocking–Lord methods. The proposed methods estimate simultaneously the equating coefficients that permit the scale transformation of the parameters of all forms to the scale of the base form. Asymptotic standard errors of the equating coefficients are derived. A simulation study is presented to illustrate the performance of the methods.

Journal

PsychometrikaSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 3, 2016

References

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